In a recent report prepared by the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), Mumbai is second in the list of facing coastal flooding. Tress and forests are being cut. Open spaces are being gobbled up. This urban development has left such an impact of climate change that more than triple the number of people around the world would be exposed to coastal flooding by 2070. According to the report, Kolkata would the most vulnerable city followed by Mumbai. The key factor to increase the risk of coastal flooding globally would be the unprecedented growth and development of the Asian mega-cities in terms of population exposure. The non-stop increasing sea level due to the melting of ice sheets over the recent decades hints at a high-risk scenario. Mumbai has the highest number of people exposed to coastal flooding. Experts say that policy makers need to determine where to focus adaptation strategies to climate extremes and to understand the potential benefits of mitigation policy.
September 22, 2008
March 13, 2016