The Ministry of Environment and Forests has drawn up a Rs 500 crore plan to save India’s 7,517-km coastline, which includes the coastline of Navi Mumbai. The Navi Mumbai coastline was included in the Swaminathan Committee report, which was submitted early in the year 2005. the report had identified areas of 11 coastal states of the country where major degradation has happened because of sea erosion and marine pollution. The report also stated that the tsunami of December 26, 2004, had not only caused damage to life but also destroyed some of the sensitive ecologically sites and had suggested ways to revive them. Following up on the recommendations of the committee, the ministry has now submitted a plan to the Planning Commission for seeking World Bank’s assistance of Rs 500 crore to save the coasts. The money is required for preparation of a state-wise management plan, its implementation and training of Coastal Zone Management Authority. Officials say, bio-shields will be developed on the coasts. As part of the plan, the ministry has asked the Tata Energy and Research Institute (TERI) to identify the pollution level and its nature in the coastal areas. TERI has been asked to find out pollution caused on Indian shores by sources such as industrial effluents, municipal sewage and other development activities along the coast as well as along the rivers. The ministry is also in the process of finalizing a coastal setback line. No activity will be allowed between this line and the coast. The government has identified Mangalore, Navi Mumbai, Nellore, Nagapattinam and Paradip to conduct the pilot study for drawing up the SBL. Reviving the coasts Govt has decided on a Rs 500 crore plan to save the 7,517 km coastline After this the ministry will prepare and implement a state-wise management plan Training of coastal zone management authority for the same Developing bio-shields on the coasts affected by sea erosion and pollution Groundwork. TERI will identify pollution level and nature and suggest ways to combat pollution.
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